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Self-driving cars pose 'huge legal challenge'

2015-09-18 08:50

GOOGLE'S SELF-DRIVING CAR: Google is testing 25 of its autonomous cars, mostly in neighbourhoods surrounding its Mountain View headquarters in California. Image: AP / Tony Avelar

Frankfurt, Germany - The self-driving car era is approaching but not as rapidly as people think, the head of the European operations of South Korean automaker Hyundai, Thomas Schmid, told AFP.

Schmid said in an interview on the sidelines of the IAA motor show: "My personal belief is that autonomous driving might come, but by far not as quick as everyone says in 10 or 15 years."

Alongside the connected car, autonomous driving is one of the new buzzwords in the automobile sector.

Futuristic vehicles that soon may be able to drive themselves are among the technological highlights of the 66th edition of the Frankfurt auto show, which opened its doors to the world press on Tuesday (September 15) and will then be accessible to the general public from Saturday.

Auto brake systems

Already, many of the latest models on the road are equipped with assistance systems to help drivers accelerate or brake in traffic.

Schmid said: "I'm 100% certain that this (technology) will be part of future products."

Electronic car parts suppliers, such as the German group Bosch, expect "highway pilots" - which can essentially take over all driving tasks with only occasional need for human intervention - to be ready for the market by 2020.

Full auto pilot systems without any human involvement could be ready by 2025.

Legal challenge

Such technology would also bring with it "huge, huge challenges for our legal systems," Schmid cautioned.

Schmid said: "Who is responsible for what? I'm not convinced until now that is a process which can be done in the next 10-15 years."

People's relationships to their cars and individual mobility are undergoing dramatic change, Schmid said.

He said: "The kids today have a different approach to individual mobility. The importance is much lower than in my generation and the need to have an own car is also lower."

The younger generation no longer define themselves via their cars.

And in big cities, car ownership was becoming less and less attractive in view of costs and well-developed public transport systems.

Schmid said: "There's a tendency all over Europe, both in urban areas and even in rural areas where fewer and fewer people are actually getting a driving licence."

So, in the future, autonomous driving could be administrated by local authorities and be integrated into cities' public transport systems, Schmid said.

Feeling the pinch

Turning to Hyundai's current prospects, Schmid conceded that "as a global manufacturer, we are affected" by downturns in emerging markets such as Russia, Brazil and China.

"In Russia, we are doing relatively well. We are one of the manufacturers almost losing no volume. That means we increased our market share" to about 10% in the first eight months, Schmid said.

Nevertheless, the weak ruble and the economic downturn was leaving its mark on Hyundai's profit margins.

In Brazil, "we are still doing very well," but growth was slowing as the market fell.

"And in China, this affects us as well as all other big manufacturers."

Nevertheless, "I don't believe that the Chinese market will collapse. But it will slow down."

In 2014, Hyundai sold more than 1.1 million vehicles overall in China last year, giving it a market share of 6.6%, Schmid said.

"The market in China is still not full. Around 450 million people there would like to have a car. That means from the market side, there are still huge opportunities."

In Europe, Hyundai reported its "best-ever first eight months this year. And we're looking forward to having the best year ever," Schmid said.

Schmid said: "In the European market, I would say by year-end we will be at 3.0%. Our aim is to become the number one Asian brand. And that should mean we go up to four to five percent. In concrete numbers we're talking about 700 000 vehicles."



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